What Is The Trinity? The Father, Son & Holy Spirit Explained

Published on 22 May 2024 at 05:45
The Holy Trinity

How can one thing be three different people but still be one? The idea of the Trinity challenges us. It makes us think deeply and wonder. The Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are all God. Yet, they are also one God together. This mystery has been at the heart of Christian belief for centuries. 

Christians believe in one true God. This one God is made of three equal parts – the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. They are all God, but each plays a different role. They act as one, even though they are three. This idea shows how deep and complex our understanding of God is.

Key Takeaways

  • The doctrine of the Trinity teaches that God exists as three distinct yet co-equal Persons – the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
  • While each Person is fully God, there is only one undivided divine essence, not three separate gods.
  • The Bible portrays the Father, Son, and Spirit as relating to each other as distinct "Persons" yet always affirms monotheism.
  • Though paradoxical, the Trinity is rooted in God's self-revelation, especially in the Incarnation of the Son and sending of the Spirit.
  • The liturgy and sacraments invite believers into communion with the Triune God, the very heart of eternal life.
  • While ultimately mysterious, the Trinity is the foundation for understanding God's being, attributes, and works recorded in Scripture.

The Trinity helps us see God as both mighty and close. It brings together the divine and human in a way we cannot fully understand. From those who dream to those who believe, the Trinity touches all. It guides us to know God in a way that we would never be able to without its mystery. This deep truth is at the core of our faith and understanding of God.

Understanding the Doctrine of the Trinity

The Trinity teaches that one God is made of three persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. This belief comes from the Bible, shown in verses like Matthew 28:19. The term “Trinity” was first used by Tertullian in the 3rd century.

The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as Distinct Persons

In the Bible, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are seen as distinct persons. They act and speak to each other. For example, the Father sent the Son into the world. After, the Father and Son sent the Holy Spirit.

When Jesus was baptized, the Father spoke, the Son was baptized, and the Spirit appeared. They are clearly seen as distinct.

Each Person is Fully God

The Bible says that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are fully God. They each have all of God's power and nature. But there is only one God, not three separate gods. This is shown in Isaiah 45:21-22 and 1 Corinthians 8:4.

Matthew 28:19 tells us we are baptized in the “name” of the Father, Son, and Spirit. This means they are one God, clearly shown in Scripture.

There is Only One God

The Trinity teaches there is one God, not many. The Father, Son, and Spirit are all God, but as one. This is the true unity of God, as the Bible shows.

The Trinity: Not a Contradiction

The trinity not a contradiction is a deep mystery that has puzzled people for a long time. It is complex but does not break the rule that something can't be both "A" and "non-A" at once. Once you see God as one essence three persons, it starts to make sense, even if it's still a bit mysterious.

father son and holy spirit trinity

At the Council of Florence (AD 1338-1445), they said the Trinity has two things going on, three persons, and four connections. The trinity not a contradiction because God is one essence three persons. This means He is one in what He is but three in who He is (as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). The Son comes from the Father, and the Holy Spirit comes from the Father and the Son. This shows how the divine persons are related.

God is One in Essence

The Trinity is not three different beings or essences. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit share fully in being God. The Bible, like in John 10:30 and other places in John, shows how they are different but united. The Holy Spirit and the Son are said to know everything, proving they are as infinite and divine as the Father.

Three in Person

While they share the same Godly essence, the Trinity's Father, Son, and Spirit are distinct in how they relate as persons. St. Augustine uses an example like the Father is "being one," the Son is "knowing," and the Spirit is "willing." This helps explain the idea of mystery of the trinity.

Seeing God as one essence three persons helps us understand without confusion. It shows God's unity and tripersonality do not conflict. This view avoids the problem of thinking monotheism and plurality in the Godhead don't make sense. The Trinity teaches that God is one in what He is but three in who He is. This makes Him different from us, who are just one person.

The Trinity Revealed in Salvation History

The incarnation of the Son is key in showing God's salvation plan. This event shows the eternal Second Person as human. He is Jesus, the God-man, who came to save us from sin (John 1:1, 14).

When Jesus went back to heaven, the sending of the Holy Spirit came at Pentecost. This marked the start of the Holy Spirit working deeply in the Church (John 14:26, Acts 2). The Spirit works in people's hearts, teaching, guiding, and helping them pray (John 16:7-15, Romans 8:26-27).

Entering Into the Divine Life

The incarnation of the Son and the Spirit's coming show how the Trinity works together. They help us connect with God, giving us new life and letting us share in God's nature (2 Peter 1:4).

In baptism and the Eucharist, Christians join with Christ thanks to the Spirit. This connection renews them and brings them closer to God the Father (2 Corinthians 13:14).

The Trinity's teaching shows how God invites us to be part of His life. This is possible through Jesus and the Spirit. They help us know and love God more.

The Trinity Explained

The orthodox trinitarian doctrine teaches there's one God who exists as three distinct Persons. They are the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. These three are equal and have always been – they all have the same divine nature, qualities, and deserving of worship.

father son and holy spirit trinity

The Father, Son, and Spirit have their own roles but are united in being divine. The Father is God, the Son is God, and the Holy Spirit is God too – but they're not three gods. They are all part of the one God. This idea, known as "one in essence, three in person," shows God is united as one yet exists in three Persons.

  • The defining the trinity doctrine says the Father, Son, and Spirit each have the full divine nature and attributes, completely and entirely.
  • Each of them thinks, decides, and acts differently, as shown in the Bible (like when the Father sends the Son, and the Son sends the Spirit).
  • Yet, they are altogether one, sharing an eternal divine nature – showing God is both one and three at the same time.

Even though it's really hard for us to fully grasp, the Bible says God is one in essence and three in Persons. The Trinity is a deep mystery that shows the endless wonders of God.

The Trinity in the Liturgy and Sacraments

The Church's liturgy shows the deep idea of the Trinity in the sacraments. It points to the praise we give to God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. This mystery is celebrated in every liturgical moment.

Liturgy talks about sending the Son and Spirit to show us the Trinity's life. This mystery is shown in verses like Matthew 28:19. It talks about the unity of the three divine persons. Worship in the Church focuses on this triune God.

The Sacraments and Divine Life

The sacraments connect us closely to the Trinity. Through baptism and Eucharist, we are one with Christ and loved by the Father. We are blessed by the Holy Spirit. This shows how we share in the Triune God's life.

  1. This makes us like God, feeling the love and sharing that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit have together.
  2. The sacraments help us be close to the Trinity, which is the center of our eternal life.

Through the sacraments, we join in the life of the Trinity. This also shows our belonging in the new creation with Christ. We share in the grace that God pours out and join with all who believe in the Trinity.

Scriptural Evidence for the Trinity

The sacred Scriptures show God as three persons in one. This is the heart of the Christian belief, found in both the Old and New Testaments. It's how we know God is one, but also Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Old Testament Hints

In the Old Testament, we see clues about the Trinity. Genesis talks about God saying, "Let us make man in our image" (1:26). This shows a side of God with a plurality in God.

Although it says God is one (Deuteronomy 6:4), the name used for God is plural. Isaiah 48:16 also hints at the Father, the Sent One, and the Spirit, suggesting a triune nature of God.

New Testament Revelation

The Gospels clearly show God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. At Jesus' baptism, we see the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit together (Matthew 3:16-17). This is a big moment.

Jesus says he's one with God (John 10:30). He also mentions his special relationship with the Father (John 8:17-18). The New Testament often says the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are equally God (John 1:1, Colossians 2:9).

Jesus tells his followers to baptize in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19). This shows how important the three-in-one truth is. The New Testament fully explains what the Old Testament hinted at, making the Trinity clear.


The trinity paradox is a deep mystery of faith. It's hard for us to fully understand God being one God in three in one form. This idea shows Christians that God is three persons, but still one God.

This mystery is key to knowing more about God. It helps us see how God works through the Bible. We trust that there is one God, yet three distinct persons. This shows us God's oneness and the different roles the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit play in all things.

The trinity paradox is both an idea and a way to connect with God. It remains a core belief for Christians. Even though it's hard for us to fully understand, it draws us closer to God. This is the God who is one yet lives as three.


What is the Trinity?

The Trinity is a Christian belief. It says God is three Persons. These are the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. They are all equally God but are different from each other.

How are the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit distinct yet one God?

The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit aren’t just different roles of God. Each is truly God. But they are not each other. They are one God in three Persons.

Doesn't the doctrine of the Trinity violate the law of non-contradiction?

No, the Trinity doesn't break the law of non-contradiction. God is one in His nature but three in Person. This way of being one and three is unique to God. It doesn't go against common logic.

How is the Trinity revealed in salvation history?

The Trinity shows in the story of our salvation. Jesus, who is God the Son, came to earth. He made a way for us to know God. Then, the Holy Spirit came to help Jesus' followers, making us part of God's family.

How do the sacraments relate to the Trinity?

The sacraments connect us with Jesus through the Holy Spirit. They make us part of God's family. In baptism and the Eucharist, we join with God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit.

Is there evidence for the Trinity in the Old Testament?

The Old Testament gives clues about the Trinity. For example, God talks about Himself in plural. This suggests more than one Person in God.

How does the New Testament reveal the Trinity?

The New Testament tells us more about the Trinity. We see the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit at work. They act as one God. Jesus also taught about their special relationship. This makes God’s three-in-one nature clearer.

Author Bio: Adam Taylor

Author Bio: Adam Taylor

Adam Taylor

Designation: Founder & CEO

Bio: It all started with Scrooge McDuck. Adam has been fascinated with gold ever since he saw Scrooge McDuck dive into his pool of gold when he was a child. This started a lifelong love affair of precious metals. Adam has invested 10% of his wealth into gold and silver because he believes in their power to retain wealth.

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